All Bull Elephants’ Sanctuary



The Kerulos Center’s All Bull Elephants’ Sanctuary (ABES) is prompted by the critical need for refuge and recovery of hundreds of Elephants suffering in North American zoos and circuses.


Our focus is male Elephants in North America who are underserved because of misperceptions and prejudice. There are many, as can be seen in this Table of Captive Male Elephants in North America. ABES also welcomes female Elephants who are unable to find sanctuary elsewhere. 


We invite Billy, a male Asian Elephant residing at Los Angeles Zoo, to live at ABES. He has lived alone since 1989 after he was stolen from his mother and homeland.


We also offer a transition home for the Swaziland Elephants who were abducted last year from their African homeland and shipped to three U.S. zoos. If they are unable to return home, we offer a permanent home so they may live in dignity, part of the global movement for Elephant self-determination.


We will not consider these cases closed until all Elephants and other incarcerated Animals are free.


Donate to make Elephant dreams a reality!


Photo credit: Cari Zuckerman


Here’s where we are:

  • $2 million has been committed toward land
  • Land search has begun in S.E. US which our research shows is best-suited for Elephants
  • We are working with a team of  architects and landscape consultants to design ABES
  • Freedom Flag Campaign for captive-held male Elephants
  • Advisory Board and ABES Team created
  • Male Elephant Psychology and Trauma Recovery Publications and Plan
  • International collaboration with sister sanctuaries


ABES: A New Vision for Sanctuary

  • Elephant informed – As the “Elephants’” in our name reflects, ABES design, function, and human conduct are shaped by Elephant values, ethics, and needs.
  • Trauma informed – ABES’ is grounded in the scientific principles of trans-species psychology and trauma recovery.
  • Trans-species –We are a cross-species alliance working together to achieve the common goal of creating a world where all animals live in freedom and dignity.
  • Boundless – The physical space of ABES is finite, but as our diverse collaborations for Elephant Liberation illustrate, our engagement and vision are global.
  • Dynamic – ABES is not static but serves to promote the evolution of human culture to achieve animal self-determination and  trans-species well-being.


Meet the ABES Team



Photo credit Rebecca Winkler

The entrance to sanctuary lies inside.  – Rumi


Why the emphasis on Male Elephants?

Male Elephants (bulls) are misunderstood and abused. Because their hormonal period (musth) is accompanied by a natural, increased assertiveness, bulls are usually chained, isolated, or punished. As a result, they are incorrectly deemed solitary animals who, unlike their wild brothers, are forced to live without companionship. ABES residents will live chain-free, even during musth. They will have a lifetime home and the opportunity to form meaningful relationships with other bulls and carers.


Sanctuary vs. Zoo

Control Self-Determination
Trauma Recovery  
Isolation Companionship
Artificial conditions Natural Setting
Exploitive Service  

Science’s recognition of human-animal psychological comparability, vulnerability to trauma and stress, the traumatogenic nature of captivity, and trauma transmission across generations clearly shows that Elephant capture, captivity, and captive-breeding are not only profoundly unethical, but untenable for any purported goal of species conservation. Yet zoos and other captive industries continue to maintain that the psychological and physical needs of Elephants are being met under their deficient standards of care.


The physical and psychological trauma that captive-held Elephants endure and the loss of family and homeland cannot be reversed. Although it is still captivity, sanctuary differs vastly from zoos in terms of philosophy, care, and environment (see chart). As such, Sanctuary can make huge strides in helping heal, mitigating the effects of captivity, and transforming captive life from oppression to self-empowerment and renewal. This is a central goal of ABES.


How You Can Be Part of ABES

  • Sign the petition to free Billy
  • Donate to Kerulos so we can create the All Bull Elephants’ Sanctuary and rescue the Elephants in need as soon as possible
  • Contribute your time and energy! We welcome any volunteer work